Notes on "Fixing A Hole" (FAH)

KEY	F (dorian minor & Major)

METER	4/4

FORM	Intro -> Verse -> Verse -> Bridge
		 Verse -> Verse (Guitar Solo) -> Bridge ->
		 Verse -> Outro (fadeout)

GENERAL POINTS OF INTEREST


Style and Form

- This song has a split stylistic personality: the verse is a Gershwinesque jazz/blues hybrid, while the bridge is more of a torch-song pop march.

- The form, on the other hand, is one of the standard two-bridge models; this one belonging to the sub-category which has two middle verses, the second of which is an instrumental solo.


Melody and Harmony

- Both the melody and harmony of the verse are cast in a variety of f minor (the flat 3rd) that is tinged by both the blues (the flat 7th), and the dorian mode (the raised 6th). The verse harmony is also characterized by a descending chromatic line in a middle voice. The bridge, in contrast, opts for the harmonically clean cut Major mode.

- In many other notes, we've talked about the dramatic sentimentality of the minor iv chord when used in a Major key. In *this* song, the unusual mode conjured up in the verse sections creates the reverse harmonic scenario: i.e. a Major IV chord in a minor home key, the effect of which is, to my ears, one of casual, hard-boiled urbanity.

- The melodic contours of the verse and bridge are as complementary to each other as is their harmonic profiles. The verse covers a complete octave plus a third (from F up to A-flat) with a rather sensual mixture of steps and skips. The bridge restricts itself to only a fifth (C to G), consists of repeated hammering on a subset of those five notes, and though placed high in the range, still tops out a half-step lower than the verse. That high A-flat of the verse (pushed even further in the final verse to a Bb->Ab appopgiatura) remains the melodic high point of the entire song.

- This song, by the way, resonantes uncannily with "Lucy ..." of all songs, for the way its signature descending chromatic line is exposed blatantly in the intro, and the way its bridge so sharply contrasts with its verse; more subtle "competition" 'tween Messrs. L & M, I wonder!


Arrangement

- The backing track is dominated by the unusual appearance of a "rhythm harpsichord" part, still more of McCartney's hyperactive basswork, and obligatto-like commentary from the lead guitar. I am particularly fond of the way George scans the majority of his big solo at a syncopated cross current to the back beat.

- As we've seen with some of Paul's other songs on this album, the vocal arrangement here again is elaborate:

Verse 1

Paul, solo, with double tracking only at the end where it gets high.

Verse 2

Ditto, though this second time around he sounds hoarse.

Bridge 1

Paul, now double tracked. Note, too how the drumming is modified for the bridges. The guitar comes in at the end of the first phrase and stays in all the way through to the downbeat of the next section.

Verse 3

Like before, only this time he doubles the guitar lick when it appears.

Verse 4

Guitar solo, with Paul's doubling of the lick at the end of the previous section overlapping at the beginning.

Bridge 2

Add backing voices for the first time: cooing thirds in the first half, and scatting "dit dit" for the second.

Verse 5

Backing voices stay in through to the end. Again, Paul continues to double the lead guitar lick.

Outro

Paul fully double tracked, improvising on the original tune.

SECTION-BY-SECTION WALKTHROUGH


Intro

- The intro consists of a brief harpsichord solo followed by some riding on the hi-hat cymbals, and seems to be a strange two-and-a-half measures long:

					- 2 beats -
top	|C		|-		|-	|
middle	|A	G#	|Ab		|-	|
middle	|F	E	|Eb	 D	|-	|
chords	|F	C aug.	|F9	 Bb9	|-	|
	 I	V5+	 i7-	 IV

- You *might* want to notate my G# in the second chord as an Ab because it is sustained as an Ab for the remainder of the phrase. However, I'll stick with my enharmonic notation of G# to the extent that I hear that second chord as a V with a raised 5th; in which case, its correct spelling is with G#, not A flat.


Verse

- The verse is eight measures long and derives from the chord progression of the intro, with its rapid shift from F Major to f minor; shades of "Michelle," written in the same key, no less. The whole section parses as one long six-measure phrase with a trailing two-measure obligatto:

top:	|F  C C C  C  D |F Eb C  C   Bb	|C   F  F  Ab	|Bb C C     C Eb|
middle:	|A	G#	|Ab		|-		|-
middle	|F	E	|Eb	 D	|Eb    		|D		|
	|F	C	|f		|		|		|
	 I	V5+	 i		 i7-		 IV6/4 (?)



top:	|F     Ab	|F		|		|		|
	|f		|Bb		|f		|Bb		|
	 i		 IV		 i		 IV

- I hear the chord in measure 4 as some kind of Major IV chord, though the placement of F in the bassline and the melodic emphasis given to the non-harmonic tone of 'C' sure push the envelope.


Bridge

- The bridge is also eight measures long, but the feel of it is entirely different from the verse, what with the shift to Major mode, the faster harmonic rhythm, and the different drumming:


	|F	C	|F	C	|F	C	|F		|
	 I	V	 I	V	 I	V	 I



	|C	G	|C	G	|C	G	|C		|
	 V	V-of-V	 V	V-of-V	 V	V-of-V	 V

- And don't you gotta love Macca for those trick rhymes like "if I'm wrong I'm right where I belong" ?


Outro

- The outro is built on the plan of one-and-a-half verses, with the vocalist improvising nicely on the tune, and the fadeout well in evidence before the end of the first eight measures.

SOME FINAL THOUGHTS

- The message of the words here is superficially similar to "Getting Better," but this song is the more complex, varied, and ultimately more profound of the two.

- In the previous song, something has already happened to the protaganist that makes him prospectively certain that from here on in, it's going to be better. In our current song, though, the protagonist speaks from the very midst of proactively effecting a change in his circumstances. Yes, in "Getting Better," he eventually gets around to telling us that he's changing his scene, but in "Fixing A Hole" we catch him in action, so to speak, from the start; fixing a hole, filling the cracks, painting a room, taking the time ...

- Even better, the shifting back and forth between the mixed-mode vague anxiety of the verses and the Major mode self-certainty of the bridges resonantes so truthfully with the experience of all of us who have ever been at one of life's crossroads. Especially that ending -

- because no matter how sure of yourself and the upcoming change you may be in your better moments, the uncertaintly of change not yet completely implemented tends to dog you into the fadeout.


Regards,

Alan (awp@world.std.com)

---
"I'm taking the time for a number of things that weren't important yesterday."
 					                            010596#110
--- 							   **Postponed, but **
							   **not cancelled. **

                Copyright (c) 1996 by Alan W. Pollack
                          All Rights Reserved
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